The Government have resolved to initiate Second Green Revolution Movement in Tamil Nadu to improve the economic status of the farmers by adopting frontier technologies in a larger extent for various crops with full involvement of farmers and extension staff, backed by research.
The major strategies to spur SECOND GREEN REVOLUTION are-
- Crop specific strategies to bridge the yield gap, improving agriculture marketing infrastructure and promoting farmer’s participation in agri-business ventures.
- Increasing the cultivable area and diversifying the cultivation in favour of high value horticulture and commercial crops while ensuring the food and nutritional security.
- Soil health improvement.
- Promoting Hi-tech agriculture, Precision Farming and Micro irrigation for efficient use of irrigation water.
- Strengthening research and extension services to all farm families in Tamil Nadu-Farm level interventions for “end-to-end” involvement of Extension staff with individual farmer.
The major soil series in Karur district are Irugur and Thulukkanur .The Soils are generally sandy loam and clay type.The Irugur soil is red to dark red,fine loamy,non calcareous,well drained,slightly acidic to neutral soils. TheTulukkanur soil is reddish brown to dark grayish brown,moderately deep to very deep,fine loamy,calcareous,well drained soils. The other soil series are Palladam,Palathurai,palaviduthi, Vannapatti and Mixed alluvium.
The average rainfall of the Karur district is 652.2 mm. The major rainfall occurs during north-east monsoon.
Karur and Manmangalam taluk is being covered by Amaravathy and Cauvery irrigation channel. Aravakurichi Taluk is being covered by Amaravathy and Lower Bhavani Project Channel. Kulithalai and Krishnarayapuram taluks are irrigated by Cauvery channels. Kadavur taluk is being covered by tanks and wells.
The principal crops of the district are paddy, millets, pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane and banana. The major paddy area is in Kulithalai and Krishnarayapuram taluks. Pulses are grown in rice fallow areas. In uplands millets like sorghum, pearl millet pulses such as red gram, horse gram oilseeds such as groundnut, gingelly and sunflower are grown both under irrigated and rain fed conditions.