Karur Taluk, which was once a part of Coimbatore district, was merged with Tiruchirappalli district during 1910. Karur District came into existence by the bifurcation of Trichy District as per G.O.(Ms)No.683 Revenue(RA1(1)) Department dated:25.07.1996. It is bounded on the North by Namakkal, South by Dindugal, East by Tiruchirappalli and West by Erode districts.
Karur District consists of two Revenue Divisions viz., Karur and Kulithalai, Six Taluks viz., Karur, Aravakurichi, Manmangalam, Kulithalai, Krishnarayapuram and Kadavur, comprising of 203 Revenue Villages. The District has Eight blocks viz. Karur, Thanthoni, Aravakurichi, K.Paramathi, Kulithalai, Krishnarayapuram, Kadavur, and Thogamalai comprising of 157 Village Panchayats. There are two Municipalities viz. Karur & Kulithalai and Eleven Town Panchayats viz. Aravakurichi, Krishnarayapuram, Marudur, Nangavaram, Palaya Jeyamkonda Cholapuram, Pallappatty, Puliyur, Punjai Thottakurichi, Punjai Pugalur, TNPL Pugalur, Uppidamangalam.
Karur District is located in central Tamil Nadu and is 410 K.M. away from Chennai. The District has an area of 2865 Sq.Km. It is an inland district without any coast line. The District has Amaravathi River and Cauvery River and it has no well marked natural divisions.
MINERALS AND MINING
The District is rich in mineral deposits. Granite occur at Thogamalai, K.Pitchampatty and various places in the district. Apart from the above major minerals the common use minor minerals viz Red Gravel, Brick Clay, filling earth and Kankar are also found in this District.
The Kalyana Venkattaramasami temple at Thanthoni, about five KM from Karur is one of the most popular temples in the District. The shrine of the Lord is situated on a raised portion of a hillock. The temple is also known as South Tirupathi. Karur town is one of the seven sacred sthalams(place) of Sivalayams and is well known for famous Pasupathieswarer Temple. The group of sculptures representing Pasupathiswaralingam as high as five feet, bathed by the milk oozing from the rudder of a cow and Rangamatha are noted for sculptural beauty. The temple in Vennamalai situated north west of Karur dedicated to Lord Subramania further one Bala Subramaniyaswamy temple situated on a small hill at Velayuthampalayam near Cauvery is a famous temple. Sri Mariamman Temple is a famous one, which is situated in the heart of the city of Karur.
Karur is a famous city for production and export of Handlooms, Textiles and Mosquito net. Further it is also a famous city for Bus body building industries. There are two major industries are also established as follows:
- The TNPL has also established Cement Factory at Kagithapuram
- The TNPL has also esblished Cement Factors at Kagithapuram.
- The Chettinad Cement factory is established at Puliyur.
- The Cheran Cements factory also established in Karur.